Muscle Cramps

Some of the general causes of muscles cramps are stress, overuse of muscles, fatigue and dehydration. In fact, our nervous system sends wrong chemical signal to our muscles to contract. These are all the natural reasons of cramps. Use of certain medicines can cause muscle cramps at times. Although there are a number of ways for treating muscle cramps, a simple stretching of the muscles can save you from deadly cramps.


What you can do to treat muscle cramps?


Nutritional treatment of muscle cramps

* Hydrate yourself sufficiently

Hydration is first step of treatment of cramps. Before you start treating your cramped muscles, you should drink water. You need to take 16-18 ounces of water before exercising. Small sips of water intake help you recover from the cramps than taking large gulps as your body finds it easy to process small sips of water.

* Electrolytes, Vitamin E and calcium keep your muscle cramps at bay

Electrolytes are nothing but the minerals like potassium, sodium and magnesium. Deficiency of these minerals can cause muscle cramps. The best source of electrolytes is banana. You can also consider several other fruits. Flow of blood is critical of cramps. Vitamin E is responsible for smooth flow of blood in your body. Generally the muscle cramps that occur in your leg are caused by the deficiency of Vitamin E. Shortage of calcium in your body can cause muscle cramps. You shouldn’t take more calcium than the prescribed levels.


Treatments at your hand

* Deep stretching of your muscles

Before doing rigorous exercises, it is advisable for you to stretch your muscles because you can stop muscle cramps beforehand. When you experience cramps, you should stretch your muscles in such way that it is not painful at all. Thigh stretch and calf stretch are some of the commonly used stretching techniques to relax your muscles.

* Heat pad or cloth soaked in hot water permit smooth blood flow in the cramped muscles

You can use either of the two mentioned above to relax the cramped muscles. You should periodically apply any of the two with intervals. First, you should put heat pad or cloth soaked in hot water for 20 minutes. If the cramp doesn’t go with that, you need to reapply the method.

Warm bath helps you to great deal when it comes to treatment of your cramped muscles. You can take bath for 10 to 15 minutes twice or thrice in week.

* Massage helps you muscles to get rid of cramps

You can simply massage you cramped muscles with the help of your hand. Massaging can be done by simply rubbing your muscles firmly with your hand. You can use vegetable oil for massage to help your muscles relax quickly.


Treating muscle cramps with sports medicine

Muscle cramps are generally temporary in nature. When these occur continually, you should take help of the sports medicine with due consultation of a doctor. Generally doctors prescribe muscle relaxants for you to alleviate the pain that you go through during cramps. Apart from relaxants some of the medicines are used for treating the disordered muscles that cause muscle cramps. In the worst case scenario, you need to go for medication or physiotherapist. But, you shouldn’t ignore the prolonged muscle cramps assuming them as temporary cramps.



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Symptoms and Treatment of a Concussion

A concussion is a form of traumatic brain injury resulting from a blow, or a bump, or a jolt to the head that makes the head and brain to move swiftly back and forth. A concussion may also result from a hit to the body. The sudden movement of the head and brain causes the brain to twist or bounce around in the brain, thus, stretching and damaging the brain cells. This movement can create chemical changes in the brain.

Concussions should not be taken lightly. Though they are not, alone, life-threatening, they can have effects that are grave.

Due to the chemical changes that may result, concussions may cause victims to become unconscious. Though anybody can become a victim due to a fall, car accident, etc., concussions are more likely to affect people who participate in contact or impact sports such as boxing or football.

The Symptoms of a Concussion

The signs and symptoms of a concussion are sometimes subtle and may not manifest immediately. The symptoms can last stay for a couple of days, weeks, or even longer. The symptoms of a concussion vary depending on both the person injured and the severity of the injury. While some people experience a loss of consciousness, it is not always true that a loss of consciousness always accompanies a concussion.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion usually include headache or feeling pressure in the head, confusion or feeling like he you are in a fog. Patients experience temporary loss of consciousness, amnesia- where patients often forget the cause of the concussion. They may also suffer from ringing in the ears, dizziness, nausea, slurred speech, appearing dazed, delayed response to questions, vomiting etc. While some of the symptoms of concussions can be immediate, others are delayed in onset by up to days after injury. The symptoms that may be delayed include sensitivity to light and noise, irritability and some personality changes, concentration and memory complaints, disorders of smell and taste, psychological problems and depression and sleep disturbances.

The treatment for a concussion usually depends on the severity of the symptoms you experience. Where there is bleeding in the brain, swelling of the brain, or serious injury to the brain, you might need surgery. Save for that, most concussions do not require surgery or major treatment.

For the first twenty four hours after the injury, the doctor may require someone to wake you up every two to three hours. This is a way to ensure you do not drift into a coma as well as allowing the person waking you to check for any signs of severe confusion or any other abnormal behavior.

Just in case the concussion is causing headaches, the physician may recommend some over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil). The doctor will likely ask you to get enough rest, avoid strenuous activities and sports, and avoid driving automobiles or riding bikes for 24 hours or for some few months, according to the severity of the injury. You should also avoid alcohol as it might slow recovery if you continue drinking it. Most importantly, do not embark on strenuous or impact sport until full recuperation and at the advice of your physician.




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Alternative Medicine Used in Sports

Athletes undergo a lot of grueling torture with their bodies due to the intensity of the sports they are in. It is no wonder so many athletes try different medicines in order to help their body recover. In this article I will cover alternative medicines athletes use and why they might use such medicines to help relieve the problems they suffer.

First of all, what exactly is considered alternative medicine. Alternative medicine is known as medicine which is not considered to be part of conventional medicine, i.e. not practiced by any doctor. That is not to say that these alternative medicines don’t work, that is just to point out that these alternative methods may help athletes relieve their pain, or in some cases increase their endurance, but are not exactly practiced by any doctor.

Two of the most popular alternative medicines for athletes are acupuncture and massage. Where traditional medicine would treat aches and pains by medicine, these athletes try and solve their problem by other means. Other forms of alternative medicine include yoga, meditation, herbal medicines, and of course, the all too well known performance enhancing drugs.

First, we will discuss acupuncture and massage. These two alternative medicines attempt to help aches and pains in different ways. For instance acupuncture involves the use of needles to target well known pressure spots, in order to relieve tension in the muscles. Massage works roughly in the same way, except instead of using needles to relieve tension in the muscles, a massage therapist attempts to relieve stress in the muscles by massaging them. Just as an acupuncturist knows which spots to hit in order to relieve pressure, a massage therapist knows which muscles to rub in order to relieve tension.

When it comes to yoga and meditation, these two alternative medicines attempt to to aid the mind in relieving stress in the body. Yoga is a combination of stretching and breathing that attempts to help the mind relieve the body of its pressures. Meditation in the same way tries to aid the mind in healing the body. Both of these alternative medicines can be thought of as medicines which strive to stress the idea of mind over body.

Finally we get to the subject of biological based alternative medicines. These medicines try and heal the body using herbs and different chemical substances. When it comes to athletes, the most common biological based medicines would be: creatine products, protein, and of course ephedrine, which is a performing enhancing drug.

When an athlete uses these chemicals, they are trying to make the body stronger. By making their muscles stronger, athletes gain endurance, strength, and skill. Some medicines also increase the ability to handle pain. Of course, in recent years, drugs such as ephedrine have come into the spotlight, as they are now banned in most major sports, and incur heavy fines if an athlete tests positive.

Of course not all alternative medicines are bad. In the case of Performance Enhancing Drugs, they are known to have very problematic side effect. This is the main reason why they have been banned. They may help the athlete in the short run, but long term use will cause great harm to the user.

To end this article I would like to discuss the usefulness and effectiveness of some of the alternative medicine techniques listed in this article. To begin with massage, such as the sports massage, has shown to be very effective when dealing with aches and pains. It has shown the ability to help athletes recover from fatigue and nagging injuries. Acupuncture has also shown the ability to manage pain as well as speed up recovery from injury. Many professional athletes are combining both massage and acupuncture to help them deal with their problems.

When it comes to yoga and meditation, many athletes are trying these alternative medicines. Both have been known to increase energy as well as relieve stress and restore health. When it comes to professional sports, the one thing all athletes need is energy.

Finally, when it comes to chemical substances, one popular way that athletes stay in shape and ward of illness is aromatherapy. Aromatherapy is the practice of using plant oils in aiding recovery from sport injuries. There are more than a hundred different natural oils that have show to have antiseptic, pain-relieving, and even antidepressant effects on the user. Many athletes are using such oils because it helps them heal their injuries as well as help increase their fitness levels.



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Sports Medicine

We’re going to start off with a few posts about sports medicine.  While this doesn’t really fall under the category of “home treatment options” it is some great information to know if you play sports or if you are looking at becoming a sports medicine practitioner.